Colorado Good Samaritan Act
for CPR and AED

CRS §13-21-108.1.  Persons rendering emergency assistance through the use of automated external defibrillators - limited immunity.

(1)   The general assembly hereby declares that it is the intent of the general assembly to encourage the use of automated external defibrillators for the purpose of saving the lives of people in cardiac arrest.

(2)   As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires:

(a)   "AED" or "defibrillator" means an automated external defibrillator that:

(I)    Has received approval of its premarket notification filed pursuant to
21 U.S.C. sec. 360 (k), from the federal food and drug administration;

(II)   Is capable of recognizing the presence or absence of ventricular fibrillation or rapid ventricular tachycardia, and is capable of determining, without intervention by an operator, whether defibrillation should be performed; and

(III)  Upon determining that defibrillation should be performed, automatically charges and requests delivery of an electrical impulse to an individual's heart.

(b)   "Licensed physician" means a physician licensed to practice medicine in this state.


(a)   In order to ensure public health and safety, a person or entity who acquires an AED shall ensure that:

(I)    Expected AED users receive training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and AED use through a course that meets nationally recognized standards and is approved by the department of public health and environment;

(II)   The defibrillator is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines and that written records are maintained of this maintenance and testing;

(III)  There is involvement of a licensed physician in the program at the site of the AED to ensure compliance with requirements for training, notification, and maintenance;

(IV)  There are written plans in place concerning the placement of AED's, training of personnel, pre-planned coordination with the emergency medical services system, medical oversight, AED maintenance, identification of personnel authorized to use AED's, and reporting of AED utilization, which written plans have been reviewed and approved by a licensed physician;

(V)   Any person who renders emergency care or treatment to a person in cardiac arrest by using an AED activates the emergency medical services system as soon as possible and reports any clinical use of the AED to the licensed physician affiliated with the program.

(b)   Any person or entity that acquires an AED shall notify an agent of the applicable emergency communications or vehicle dispatch center of the existence, location, and type of AED.


(a)   Any person or entity whose primary duties do not include the provision of health care and who, in good faith and without compensation, renders emergency care or treatment by the use of an AED shall not be liable for any civil damages for acts or omissions made in good faith as a result of such care or treatment or as a result of any act or failure to act in providing or arranging further medical treatment, unless the acts or omissions were grossly negligent or willful and wanton.

(b)   The immunity provided in paragraph (a) of this subsection (4) extends to the licensed physician who is involved with AED site placement, the person or entity who provides the CPR and AED site placement, and the person or entity responsible for the site where the AED is located.

(c)    The immunity provided in this subsection (4) applies only if the requirements of subsection (3) of this section are met.

(5)   The requirements of subsection (3) of this section shall not apply to any individual using an AED during a medical emergency if that individual is acting as a good samaritan under section 13-21-108.

Source: L. 99:Entire section added, p. 349, § 1, effective April 16.
L. 2005: (3)(a)(I) amended, p. 384, § 2, effective August 8.

Editor's note: Subsection (3)(a)(I) was contained in a 2005 act that was passed without a safety clause.  For further explanation concerning the effective date, see page vii of this volume.