Good Samaritan Acts
for CPR and AED

Table of Contents

Alabama. 6

Ala. Code §6-5-332 (1975) 6

Ala. Code §6-5-332.3 (1999)  AED use. 6

Alaska. 6

Alaska Stat. §09.65.090 (Michie 2000) 6

Alaska Stat. §18.08.086 (Michie 2000) 6

Arizona. 6

Ariz. Rev. Stat. §2261 (2000) AED def. 6

Ariz. Rev. Stat. §2262 (2000)(Use & training AED req) 6

Ariz. Rev. Stat. §2263 (2000) Gen. Stat. 6

Ariz. Rev. Stat. §36.2263 (2002) 6

Ariz. Rev. Stat. §2264 (2000)(AED exemption) 6

Arkansas. 7

Ark. Code Ann. §17-95-101 (Michie 1999) Gen. 7

Ark. Code Ann. §17-95-605 (Michie 1999) AED. 7

California. 7

Cal. Health and Safety Code §1317 (1973) 7

Cal. Civ. §1714-21 (West 2000)  AED Immunity. 7

Cal. Health & Safety §1797.190 (West 2000)  Requirements for owners of AED, penalties for violators. 7

Calif. Business & Professional Code § (West 2000)(Gen. Stat.) 7

Colorado. 7

CRS §13-21-108  Persons rendering emergency assistance exempt from civil liability. 7

CRS §13-21-108.1.  Persons rendering emergency assistance through the use of automated external defibrillators - limited immunity. 8

Connecticut 10

Conn. Gen. Stat. §52-557b (2000) 10

Delaware. 10

Del. Code Ann. Tit.24 §1767 (1975) 10

District of Columbia. 10

D.C. Code Ann. §7-401(1981) 10

Florida. 10

Fla. Stat. Ann. §401.2915 (West 2000)  Training & contact EMS reqs. 10

Fla. Stat. Ann. §768.13 (West 2000)(Gen. Stat.) 10

Georgia. 11

Ga. Code Ann. §51-1-29 (1982)(Gen. Stat.) 11

Hawaii 11

Haw. Rev. Stat. §453-2 (1999)(License Req.) 11

Haw. Rev. Stat. §457-8 (1999)(License Req.) 11

Haw. Rev. Stat. §663-1.5(1969) 11

Idaho. 11

Idaho Code §39-7113 (1948) 11

Idaho Code §5-330 (1999)  General Statutes. 11

Illinois. 11

745 Ill. Comp. Stat. 49.12 (West 2000) 11

Indiana. 12

Ind. Code Ann. §15-5-1.1-31 (1977) 12

Ind. Code Ann. §34-4-12.1 (West 2000) 12

Iowa. 12

Iowa Code §613.17 (1982)(Gen. Stat.) 12

Kansas. 12

Kan. Stat. Ann. §65-2891 (1965) 12

Kan. Stat. Ann. §65-2981 (1999) 12

Kan. Stat. Ann. §65-6128 (1999) 12

Kan. Stat. Ann. §65-6129(b) (1999)  Certification necessary. 12

Kentucky. 12

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §311.668 (2000) 12

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §411.148 (Banks-Baldwin 1999)(Gen. Stat.) 12

Louisiana. 13

La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §9.2793 (West 2000)(Gratuitous Service Immunity) 13

La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §37.1732 (West 1984) 13

La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §40.1236.14 (West 2000)(AED Immunity) 13

La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §40.1236.13 (West 2000)(Training Req.) 13

Maine. 13

Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. §32-93 (1985) 13

Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. Tit. 14 §164 (West 2000)(Gen., Stat) 13

Maryland. 13

Md. Code Ann., Cts. & Jud. Pro. §5-603 (1982)(Gen. Stat) 13

Massachusetts. 13

Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. Ch. 12 §111c, 112 (2000)(AED Stat) 13

Michigan. 14

MCL §691.1504   Rendering of cardiopulmonary resuscitation; applicability of subsection (1) to civil actions; use of automated external defibrillator; applicability of subsections (3) and (4).  [MSA §14.563(14)]. 14

Mich. Comp. Laws §333.70965(2) (1999)(AED Stat.) 14

Minnesota. 14

Minn. Stat. §604.A.01 (1994) 14

Mississippi 15

Miss. Code Ann. §73-25-37 (1962)(amended 2000) 15

Missouri 15

Mo. Rev. Stat. §190.092 (2000)(AED Immunity) 15

Mo. Rev. Stat. §537.037 (1979) Gen. Stat. 15

Montana. 15

Mont. Code Ann. §27-1-186 (2000)(Gen. Stat.) 15

Mont. Code Ann. §27-1-714(1963) Gen. Stat. 15

Mont. Code Ann. §50-6-501 (2000)(AED Def.) 15

Mont. Code Ann. §50-6-502 (2000)(Req. for AED use) 15

Mont. Code Ann. §50-6-503 (2000)(Training Reqmts) 15

Mont. Code Ann. §50-6-505 (2000)(AED Limited Liability) 15

Nebraska. 16

Neb. Rev. St. §25-21-186 (2000)(Gen. Stat.) 16

Neb. Rev. St. §71-5194 (1997) 16

Neb. Rev. St. §71-5178 (2000)(AED Plan) 16

Neb. Rev. St. §71-51102 (2000)(AED Def.) 16

Nevada. 16

Nev. Rev. Stat. §41.500 (1963) 16

Nev. Rev. Stat. §41.500.8 (2000)(AED User Limited Liability) 16

Nev. Rev. Stat. §41.506 (2000)(Gen. Stat.) 16

New Hampshire. 16

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §508:12 (1997)(Gen. Stat.) 16

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §153-A:11(2000)(AED Exception to Liability) 16

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §153-A:28 (2000)(intent) 16

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §153-A:29 (2000)(def.) 16

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §153-A:30 (2000)(training) 16

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §153-A:31 (2000)(AED limited liability) 16

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §508.12-a(2000) 17

New Jersey. 17

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A:62A (1963) 17

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A:2A-23 (West 2000)(Legis. findings on AED) 17

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A-62A-24 (West 2000)(AED Def.) 17

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A-62A-25 (West 2000)(Req. of Acquisition of AED) 17

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A:62A-26 (West 2000)(Cert for use) 17

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A:62A-27 (West 2000)(AED Civil Liab.) 17

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A-62A-1 (West 2000)(Gen. Stat.) 17

New Mexico. 17

N.M. Stat. Ann. §24-10B-4M (Michie 2000)(AED Plan) 17

N.M. Stat. Ann. §24-10C-2 (Michie 2000)(Legis. Findings) 17

N.M. Stat. Ann. §24-10C-3 (Michie 2000)(AED Def.) 17

N.M. Stat. Ann. §24-10C-4 (Michie 2000)(AED Req.'s for use) 17

N.M. Stat. Ann. §24-10-3 (Michie 2000)(Gen. Stat) 17

New York. 18

N.Y. Pub. Health Law §3000-a(McKinney 2000)(AED User Immunity) 18

N.Y. Pub. Health Law §3000-b(McKinney 2000)(AED Def.) 18

N.Y. Pub. Health Law §3013 (McKinney 2000)(Gen. Stat.) 18

North Carolina. 18

N.C. Gen. Stat. §90-21.14 (1975) 18

North Dakota. 18

N.D. Cent. Code §32-03 (1987) 18

N.D. Cent. Code §32-03-40(1999)(Emergency Treatment Immunity) 18

Ohio. 18

ORC §2305.23  Liability for emergency care. 18

ORC §3701.85  Duties of possessor of automated external defibrillator; authorized use. 19

ORC §4765.36.  Performance of services while in hospital. 19

ORC §4765.37.  Performance of services by EMT-basic. 20

ORC §4765.49  Civil immunity of emergency medical personnel and agencies. 20

Oklahoma. 22

Okla. Stat. Tit. 76 §5 (1979) Gen. Stat. 22

Okla. Stat. Tit. 76 §5A (2000)(AED User Immunity) 22

Oregon. 23

Or. Rev. Stat. §30.801 (1999)(AED User Immunity) 23

Or. Rev. Stat. §30.800 (1999)(Emer. Assist. Immunity) 23

Or. Rev. Stat. §682.135 (1999)(Req. for License) 23

Pennsylvania. 23

PA. Cons. Stat. Ann. Tit. 42 §8331 (1978)(Gen. Stat.)(Amended 2000 for AED user immunity) 23

Rhode Island. 23

RI Gen. Laws §9-1-34 (2000)(AED User Immunity) 23

RI Gen. Laws §23.6.2.2 (2000)(Approving Placement of AED's) 23

RI Gen. Laws §23-6.2-1 (2000)(Decl. Of RI Policy on AED's) 23

RI Gen. Laws §9-1-27.1 (1953)(Gen. Stat.) 23

South Carolina. 23

S.C. Code Ann. §44-76-10 (Law Co-op 2000)(AED Act) 23

S.C. Code Ann. §44-76-20 (Law Co-op 2000)(AED Def.) 24

S.C. Code Ann. §44-76-30 (Law Co-op 2000)(Training) 24

S.C. Code Ann. §44-76-40 (Law Co-op 2000)(User Immunity) 24

S.C. Code Ann. §44-76-50 (Law Co-op 2000)(Applicability of Act) 24

S.C. Code Ann. §15-1-310 (1962)(Gen. Stat) 24

South Dakota. 24

S.D. Codified Laws §20-9-3 (1968) 24

S.D. Codified Laws §20-9-4.3 (Michie 2000)(AED Def.) 24

S.D. Codified Laws §20-9-4.4 (Michie 2000)(AED User Immunity) 24

S.D. Codified Laws §20-9-4.6 (Michie 2000)(AED Trainer Immunity) 24

S.D. Codified Laws §20-9-4.7 (Michie 2000)(Owner Notification Requirements) 24

S.D. Codified Laws §20-9-4.1 (Michie 2000)(Gen. Stat.) 24

Tennessee. 24

Tenn. Code Ann. §63-6-218 (1963) 24

Tenn. Code Ann. §68-140-701 through §68-140-710 (1999) 24

Texas. 25

Tex. Health & Safety Code Ann. §779.006 (West 2000)(AED immunity) 25

Tex. Health & Safety Code Ann. §779.001 (West 2000)(AED definition) 25

Tex. Health & Safety Code Ann. §779.002(West 2000)(AED training) 25

Tex. Health & Safety Code Ann. §779-003 (West 2000)(AED maintenance) 25

Tex. Health & Safety Code Ann. §779.004 (West 2000)(AED use) 25

Tex. Health & Safety Code Ann. §779.005 (West 2000)(Not. Reqs.) 25

Tex. Health & Safety Code Ann. §779-006 (West 2000)(Owner Reqs.) 25

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code Ann. §74-74.001 (West 1977)(Liability Immunity) 25

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Tem. Code Ann. § 74.002 (West 2000)(Lic. Req.) 25

Utah. 25

Utah Code Ann. §78-11-22 (1953) 25

Utah Code Ann. §58-31b-701 (1999)(AED User Immunity) 25

Vermont 25

VT. Stat. Ann. Tit. 78 §11-22(1977) 25

Virginia. 26

Va. Code Ann. §8.01-225 (1967)(Gen. Stat.) 26

Va. Code Ann. §8.01-225.A.6 (Michie 1999)(AED User Indemnity) 26

Washington. 26

Wash. Rev. Code §70.136.070 (1987)(Gen. Stat.) 26

Wash. Rev. Code §70-54.310 (1999)(Immunity for AED User) 26

West Virginia. 26

W. Va. Code §55-7-15 (1966)(Gen. Stat.) 26

W. Va. Code §55-7-15 (1999)(Gen. Stat.) 26

W. Va. Code §16-4D-4 (1999)(AED User limitation on Liability) 26

W. Va. Code §16-4D-1 (1999)(Legis. Findings) 26

W. Va. Code §16-4D-2 (1999)(AED Def.) 26

W. Va. Code §16-4D3 (1999)(Early AED programs) 26

Wisconsin. 27

Wis. Stat. §895.48 (1977)(Limitations on liability) 27

Wis. Stat. §146.50 (2000)(AED Def.) 27

Wyoming. 27

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §1-1-120 (1977)  General Statutes. 27

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §1-1-125  Immunity for volunteers on non-profit organizations, but not for the organizations themselves. 27

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §33-36-108 (Michie 2000)  General Exemptions. 27

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §35-26-101 (Michie 2000)  AED Definition. 27

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §35-26-102 (Michie 2000)  AED use. 27

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §35-26-103 (Michie 2000)  AED Limited Liability. 27

 

 

Alabama

Ala. Code §6-5-332 (1975)

Ala. Code §6-5-332.3 (1999)  AED use

Provides immunity for lay rescuers but no extended immunity;

Provides immunity for AED acquirers and enablers; and

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training at AHA, ARC or other recognized course.

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §09.65.090 (Michie 2000)

Alaska Stat. §18.08.086 (Michie 2000)

Provides immunity for rescuers; and

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training at AHA, ARC or other nationally recognized course

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. §2261 (2000) AED def.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. §2262 (2000)(Use & training AED req)

Ariz. Rev. Stat. §2263 (2000) Gen. Stat.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. §36.2263 (2002)

Ariz. Rev. Stat. §2264 (2000)(AED exemption)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for AED acquirers and enablers

Requires American Heart Association (AHA) "Heartsaver" AED training

Arkansas

Ark. Code Ann. §17-95-101 (Michie 1999) Gen.

Ark. Code Ann. §17-95-605 (Michie 1999) AED.

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers and enablers of AEDs

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training.

California

Cal. Health and Safety Code §1317 (1973)

Cal. Civ. §1714-21 (West 2000)  AED Immunity

Cal. Health & Safety §1797.190 (West 2000)  Requirements for owners of AED, penalties for violators

Calif. Business & Professional Code § (West 2000)(Gen. Stat.)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers and enablers of AED

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training to AHA or ARC standards

Colorado

CRS §13-21-108  Persons rendering emergency assistance exempt from civil liability.

(1)     Any person licensed as a physician and surgeon under the laws of the state of Colorado, or any other person, who in good faith renders emergency care or emergency assistance to a person not presently his patient without compensation at the place of an emergency or accident, including a health care institution as defined in section 13-64-202 (3), shall not be liable for any civil damages for acts or omissions made in good faith as a result of the rendering of such emergency care or emergency assistance during the emergency, unless the acts or omissions were grossly negligent or willful and wanton. This section shall not apply to any person who renders such emergency care or emergency assistance to a patient he is otherwise obligated to cover.

(2)     Any person while acting as a volunteer member of a rescue unit, as defined in section 25-3.5-103 (11), C.R.S., notwithstanding the fact that such organization may recover actual costs incurred in the rendering of emergency care or assistance to a person, who in good faith renders emergency care or assistance without compensation at the place of an emergency or accident shall not be liable for any civil damages for acts or omissions in good faith.

(3)     Any person, including a licensed physician, surgeon, or other medical personnel, while acting as a volunteer member of a ski patrol or ski area rescue unit, notwithstanding the fact that such person may receive free skiing privileges or other benefits as a result of his volunteer status, who in good faith renders emergency care or assistance without other compensation at the place of an emergency or accident shall not be liable for any civil damages for acts or omissions in good faith.

(4)

(a)     Notwithstanding the fact that the person may be reimbursed for the person's costs or that the nonprofit organization may receive a grant or other funding, any person who, while acting as a volunteer for any nonprofit organization operating a telephone hotline, answers questions of or provides counseling to members of the public in crisis situations shall not be liable for any civil damages for acts or omissions made in good faith as a result of discussions or counseling provided on the hotline.

(b)     As used in this subsection (4), unless the context otherwise requires, "hotline" means a telephone line staffed by individuals who provide immediate assistance to callers in emergency or crisis situations.

(5)     An employer shall not be liable for any civil damages for acts or omissions made by an employee while rendering emergency care or emergency assistance if the employee:

(a)     Renders the emergency care or emergency assistance in the course of his or her employment for the employer; and

(b)     Is personally exempt from liability for civil damages for the acts or omissions under subsection (1) of this section.

Source: L. 65: p. 527, § 1. C.R.S. 1963: § 41-2-8. L. 75: Entire section amended, p. 285, § 21, effective July 25. L. 77: Entire section R&RE, p. 1278, § 1, effective January 1, 1978. L. 83: Entire section amended, p. 621, § 1, effective May 26. L. 90: (1) amended and (3) added, pp. 862, 1544, §§ 2, 8, effective July 1. L. 2004: (4) added, p. 115, § 1, effective August 4. L. 2005: (5) added, p. 204, § 1, effective August 8.

Editor's note: Section 2 of chapter 51, Session Laws of Colorado 2005, provides that the act enacting subsection (5) applies to causes of action arising on or after August 8, 2005. The act was passed without a safety clause. For an explanation concerning the effective date, see page vii of this volume.

Cross references:  (1) For the exemption from civil liability for veterinarians providing emergency care or treatment to an animal, see § 12-64-118; for the exemption from civil liability for persons administering tests to persons suspected of drunken or drugged driving, see § 42-4-1301.1 (6)(b); for the exemption from civil or criminal liability for physicians examining or treating minor victims of sexual assault, see § 13-22-106; for the exemption from civil or criminal liability for physicians acting pursuant to a declaration under the "Colorado Medical Treatment Decision Act", see § 15-18-110.

(2) For the legislative declaration contained in the 1990 act enacting subsection (3), see section 1 of chapter 256, Session Laws of Colorado 1990

Annotation:  See 57A Am. Jur.2d, Negligence, §§ 213, 214, 217-220, 226, 228, 231, 689-707.

CRS §13-21-108.1.  Persons rendering emergency assistance through the use of automated external defibrillators - limited immunity.

(1)     The general assembly hereby declares that it is the intent of the general assembly to encourage the use of automated external defibrillators for the purpose of saving the lives of people in cardiac arrest.

(2)     As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires:

(a)     "AED" or "defibrillator" means an automated external defibrillator that:

(I)      Has received approval of its premarket notification filed pursuant to
21 U.S.C. sec. 360 (k), from the federal food and drug administration;

(II)     Is capable of recognizing the presence or absence of ventricular fibrillation or rapid ventricular tachycardia, and is capable of determining, without intervention by an operator, whether defibrillation should be performed; and

(III)    Upon determining that defibrillation should be performed, automatically charges and requests delivery of an electrical impulse to an individual's heart.

(b)     "Licensed physician" means a physician licensed to practice medicine in this state.

(3)

(a)     In order to ensure public health and safety, a person or entity who acquires an AED shall ensure that:

(I)      Expected AED users receive training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and AED use through a course that meets nationally recognized standards and is approved by the department of public health and environment;

(II)     The defibrillator is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines and that written records are maintained of this maintenance and testing;

(III)    There is involvement of a licensed physician in the program at the site of the AED to ensure compliance with requirements for training, notification, and maintenance;

(IV)   There are written plans in place concerning the placement of AED's, training of personnel, pre-planned coordination with the emergency medical services system, medical oversight, AED maintenance, identification of personnel authorized to use AED's, and reporting of AED utilization, which written plans have been reviewed and approved by a licensed physician;

(V)    Any person who renders emergency care or treatment to a person in cardiac arrest by using an AED activates the emergency medical services system as soon as possible and reports any clinical use of the AED to the licensed physician affiliated with the program.

(b)     Any person or entity that acquires an AED shall notify an agent of the applicable emergency communications or vehicle dispatch center of the existence, location, and type of AED.

(4)

(a)     Any person or entity whose primary duties do not include the provision of health care and who, in good faith and without compensation, renders emergency care or treatment by the use of an AED shall not be liable for any civil damages for acts or omissions made in good faith as a result of such care or treatment or as a result of any act or failure to act in providing or arranging further medical treatment, unless the acts or omissions were grossly negligent or willful and wanton.

(b)     The immunity provided in paragraph (a) of this subsection (4) extends to the licensed physician who is involved with AED site placement, the person or entity who provides the CPR and AED site placement, and the person or entity responsible for the site where the AED is located.

(c)     The immunity provided in this subsection (4) applies only if the requirements of subsection (3) of this section are met.

(5)     The requirements of subsection (3) of this section shall not apply to any individual using an AED during a medical emergency if that individual is acting as a good samaritan under section 13-21-108.

Source: L. 99:Entire section added, p. 349, § 1, effective April 16. L. 2005: (3)(a)(I) amended, p. 384, § 2, effective August 8.

Editor's note: Subsection (3)(a)(I) was contained in a 2005 act that was passed without a safety clause. For further explanation concerning the effective date, see page vii of this volume.

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §52-557b (2000)

Provides immunity to rescuers

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training to AHA and ARC standards.

Delaware

Del. Code Ann. Tit.24 §1767 (1975)

Provides immunity for rescuers through existing Good Samaritan Statute.

District of Columbia

D.C. Code Ann. §7-401(1981)

Provides immunity for rescuers.

Florida

Fla. Stat. Ann. §401.2915 (West 2000)  Training & contact EMS reqs.

Fla. Stat. Ann. §768.13 (West 2000)(Gen. Stat.)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training.

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §51-1-29 (1982)(Gen. Stat.)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for AED acquirers and enablers

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training approved by Dept. of Human Resources

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §453-2 (1999)(License Req.)

Haw. Rev. Stat. §457-8 (1999)(License Req.)

Haw. Rev. Stat. §663-1.5(1969)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers and enablers of AED but not for trainers

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training under an AED program administered by a physician

Idaho

Idaho Code §39-7113 (1948)

Idaho Code §5-330 (1999)  General Statutes

Provides immunity for rescuers

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training

Illinois

745 Ill. Comp. Stat. 49.12 (West 2000)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for AED acquirers and enablers

Encourages/requires CRP & AED training at AHA standard

Indiana

Ind. Code Ann. §15-5-1.1-31 (1977)

Ind. Code Ann. §34-4-12.1 (West 2000)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training -national or state approved course

Iowa

Iowa Code §613.17 (1982)(Gen. Stat.)

Provides same immunity for rescuers as for other EMS providers

Does not provide rescuers immunity for acquirers and enablers

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training approved by Dept. of Public Health

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §65-2891 (1965)

Kan. Stat. Ann. §65-2981 (1999)

Kan. Stat. Ann. §65-6128 (1999)

Kan. Stat. Ann. §65-6129(b) (1999)  Certification necessary

Provides immunity for rescuers

No immunity provided for acquirers and enablers

Encourages some training elements, including first aid and proficiency in AED

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §311.668 (2000)

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §411.148 (Banks-Baldwin 1999)(Gen. Stat.)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers and enablers

Encourages/requires CPR & AED Training such as AHA, ARC or other nationally recognized training course.

Louisiana

La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §9.2793 (West 2000)(Gratuitous Service Immunity)

La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §37.1732 (West 1984)

La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §40.1236.14 (West 2000)(AED Immunity)

La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §40.1236.13 (West 2000)(Training Req.)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Encourages/requires AHA or other nationally recognized course

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. §32-93 (1985)

Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. Tit. 14 §164 (West 2000)(Gen., Stat)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Maryland

Md. Code Ann., Cts. & Jud. Pro. §5-603 (1982)(Gen. Stat)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers and enablers, except trainees

Encourages CPR & AED Training

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. Ch. 12 §111c, 112 (2000)(AED Stat)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers and enablers-MD, Acquirer

Encourages/requires AHA or ARC guidelines training

Michigan

MCL §691.1504   Rendering of cardiopulmonary resuscitation; applicability of subsection (1) to civil actions; use of automated external defibrillator; applicability of subsections (3) and (4).  [MSA §14.563(14)].

(1)     Subject to subsection (2), an individual who having no duty to do so in good faith voluntarily renders cardiopulmonary resuscitation to another individual is not liable in a civil action for damages resulting from an act or omission in rendering the cardiopulmonary resuscitation, except an act or omission that constitutes gross negligence or willful and wanton misconduct.

(2)     Subsection (1) applies only to a civil action that is filed or pending on or after May 1, 1986.

(3)     Subject to subsection (5), an individual who having no duty to do so in good faith voluntarily renders emergency services to another individual using an automated external defibrillator is not liable in a civil action for damages resulting from an act or omission in rendering the emergency services using the automated external defibrillator, except an act or omission that constitutes gross negligence or willful and wanton misconduct.

(4)     Subject to subsection (5), the following persons are not liable in a civil action for damages resulting from an act or omission of an individual rendering emergency services using an automated external defibrillator as described in subsection (3), except if the person's actions constitute gross negligence or willful and wanton misconduct:

(a)     A physician who provides medical authorization for use of an automated external defibrillator.

(b)     An individual who instructs others in the use of an automated external defibrillator.

(c)     An individual or entity that owns, occupies, or manages the premises where an automated external defibrillator is located or used.

(5)     Subsections (3) and (4) apply only to a civil action that is filed or pending on or after the effective date of the amendatory act that added this subsection.

History:       Add. 1986, Act 21, Imd. Eff. Mar. 10, 1986 ;
--Am. 1999, Act 173, Imd. Eff. Nov. 16, 1999.

© 2006 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §333.70965(2) (1999)(AED Stat.)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers and enablers - acquirer, MD, Trainer

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §604.A.01 (1994)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers and enablers as part of a Good Samaritan

Mississippi

Miss. Code Ann. §73-25-37 (1962)(amended 2000)

Immunity provided for trained responders

Immunity provided for trainers and MD's only as Acquirers and Enablers

Encourages/requires CPR and AED training

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. §190.092 (2000)(AED Immunity)

Mo. Rev. Stat. §537.037 (1979) Gen. Stat.

Provides immunity for rescuers

Does not provide immunity for acquirers and enablers

Encourages/requires CPR and AED training

Montana

Mont. Code Ann. §27-1-186 (2000)(Gen. Stat.)

Mont. Code Ann. §27-1-714(1963) Gen. Stat.

Mont. Code Ann. §50-6-501 (2000)(AED Def.)

Mont. Code Ann. §50-6-502 (2000)(Req. for AED use)

Mont. Code Ann. §50-6-503 (2000)(Training Reqmts)

Mont. Code Ann. §50-6-505 (2000)(AED Limited Liability)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers and enablers

Encourages/requires CPR & AED Training

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. St. §25-21-186 (2000)(Gen. Stat.)

Neb. Rev. St. §71-5194 (1997)

Neb. Rev. St. §71-5178 (2000)(AED Plan)

Neb. Rev. St. §71-51102 (2000)(AED Def.)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Does not provide immunity for acquirers and enablers

Encourages/requires CPR & AED Training

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. §41.500 (1963)

Nev. Rev. Stat. §41.500.8 (2000)(AED User Limited Liability)

Nev. Rev. Stat. §41.506 (2000)(Gen. Stat.)

Provided immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers and enablers, except physicians

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training- AHA or ARC standards

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §508:12 (1997)(Gen. Stat.)

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §153-A:11(2000)(AED Exception to Liability)

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §153-A:28 (2000)(intent)

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §153-A:29 (2000)(def.)

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §153-A:30 (2000)(training)

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §153-A:31 (2000)(AED limited liability)

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §508.12-a(2000)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A:62A (1963)

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A:2A-23 (West 2000)(Legis. findings on AED)

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A-62A-24 (West 2000)(AED Def.)

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A-62A-25 (West 2000)(Req. of Acquisition of AED)

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A:62A-26 (West 2000)(Cert for use)

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A:62A-27 (West 2000)(AED Civil Liab.)

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A-62A-1 (West 2000)(Gen. Stat.)

Provides immunity for rescuers

For AED in business/comm.

Sites require company to have plan In place before doctor will prescribe AED.

Encourages/requires CPR & AED Training

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. Ann. §24-10B-4M (Michie 2000)(AED Plan)

N.M. Stat. Ann. §24-10C-2 (Michie 2000)(Legis. Findings)

N.M. Stat. Ann. §24-10C-3 (Michie 2000)(AED Def.)

N.M. Stat. Ann. §24-10C-4 (Michie 2000)(AED Req.'s for use)

N.M. Stat. Ann. §24-10-3 (Michie 2000)(Gen. Stat)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provided immunity for acquirers and enablers

Encourages/requires nationally recognized courses on CPR & AED

New York

N.Y. Pub. Health Law §3000-a(McKinney 2000)(AED User Immunity)

N.Y. Pub. Health Law §3000-b(McKinney 2000)(AED Def.)

N.Y. Pub. Health Law §3013 (McKinney 2000)(Gen. Stat.)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers and enablers

Encourages/requires CPR & AED Training

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. §90-21.14 (1975)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers and enablers

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §32-03 (1987)

N.D. Cent. Code §32-03-40(1999)(Emergency Treatment Immunity)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers and enablers

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training

Ohio

ORC §2305.23  Liability for emergency care.

No person shall be liable in civil damages for administering emergency care or treatment at the scene of an emergency outside of a hospital, doctor's office, or other place having proper medical equipment, for acts performed at the scene of such emergency, unless such acts constitute willful or wanton misconduct.

Nothing in this section applies to the administering of such care or treatment where the same is rendered for remuneration, or with the expectation of remuneration, from the recipient of such care or treatment or someone on his behalf.  The administering of such care or treatment by one as a part of his duties as a paid member of any organization of law enforcement officers or fire fighters does not cause such to be a rendering for remuneration or expectation of remuneration.

HISTORY: 130 v 648 (Eff 9-16-63); 137 v S 209. Eff 8-18-77.

ORC §3701.85  Duties of possessor of automated external defibrillator; authorized use.

(A)    As used in this section:

(1)     "Automated external defibrillation" has the same meaning as in section 2305.235 [2305.23.5] of the Revised Code.

(2)     "Emergency medical services organization" has the same meaning as in section 4765.01 of the Revised Code.

(3)     "Emergency medical service provider" means a person who is an "emergency medical technician-basic," "emergency medical technician-intermediate," "emergency medical technician-paramedic," or "first responder" as defined in section 4765.01 of the Revised Code.

(4)     "Physician" has the same meaning as in section 4765.01 of the Revised Code.

(5)     "Registered nurse" and "licensed practical nurse" have the same meanings as in section 4723.01 of the Revised Code.

(B)    A person who possesses an automated external defibrillator shall do all of the following:

(1)     Require expected users to complete successfully a course in automated external defibrillation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation that is offered or approved by the American heart association or another nationally recognized organization;

(2)     Maintain and test the defibrillator according to the manufacturer's guidelines;

(3)     Consult with a physician regarding compliance with the requirements of divisions (B)(1) and (2) of this section.

(C)    A person who possesses an automated external defibrillator may notify an emergency medical services organization of the location of the defibrillator.

(D)    A person who has obtained appropriate training on how to perform automated external defibrillation and has successfully completed a course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation may perform automated external defibrillation, regardless of whether the person is a physician, registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, or emergency medical service provider.  When automated external defibrillation is not performed as part of an emergency medical services system or at a hospital as defined in section 3727.01 of the Revised Code, an emergency medical services system shall be activated as soon as possible.

History: 147 v H 717 (Eff 12-17-98); 148 v H 511. Eff 4-10-2001.

ORC §4765.36.  Performance of services while in hospital.

In a hospital, an emergency medical technician-basic, emergency medical technician-intermediate, or emergency medical technician-paramedic may perform emergency medical services only under the direction and supervision of a physician or registered nurse designated by a physician and only in the hospital's emergency department or while moving a patient between the emergency department and another part of the hospital.

History: 146 v H 117 (Eff 9-29-95); 146 v S 150. Eff 11-24-95.

ORC §4765.37.  Performance of services by EMT-basic.

(A)    An emergency medical technician-basic shall perform the emergency medical services described in this section in accordance with this chapter and any rules adopted under it by the state board of emergency medical services.

(B)    An emergency medical technician-basic may operate, or be responsible for operation of, an ambulance and may provide emergency medical services to patients. In an emergency, an EMT-basic may determine the nature and extent of illness or injury and establish priority for required emergency medical services. An EMT-basic may render emergency medical services such as opening and maintaining an airway, giving positive pressure ventilation, cardiac resuscitation, electrical interventions with automated defibrillators to support or correct the cardiac function and other methods determined by the board, controlling of hemorrhage, treatment of shock, immobilization of fractures, bandaging, assisting in childbirth, management of mentally disturbed patients, initial care of poison and burn patients, and determining triage of adult and pediatric trauma victims. Where patients must in an emergency be extricated from entrapment, an EMT-basic may assess the extent of injury and render all possible emergency medical services and protection to the entrapped patient; provide light rescue services if an ambulance has not been accompanied by a specialized unit; and after extrication, provide additional care in sorting of the injured in accordance with standard emergency procedures.

(C)    An EMT-basic may perform any other emergency medical services approved pursuant to rules adopted under section 4765.11 of the Revised Code. The board shall determine whether the nature of any such service requires that an EMT-basic receive authorization prior to performing the service.

(D)

(1)     Except as provided in division (D)(2) of this section, if the board determines under division (C) of this section that a service requires prior authorization, the service shall be performed only pursuant to the written or verbal authorization of a physician or of the cooperating physician advisory board, or pursuant to an authorization transmitted through a direct communication device by a physician or registered nurse designated by a physician.

(2)     If communications fail during an emergency situation or the required response time prohibits communication, an EMT-basic may perform services subject to this division, if, in the judgment of the EMT-basic, the life of the patient is in immediate danger. Services performed under these circumstances shall be performed in accordance with the protocols for triage of adult and pediatric trauma victims established in rules adopted under sections 4765.11 and 4765.40 of the Revised Code and any applicable protocols adopted by the emergency medical service organization with which the EMT-basic is affiliated.

HISTORY: 144 v S 98 (Eff 11-12-92); 146 v S 150 (Eff 11-24-95); 147 v S 30 (Eff 5-6-98); 148 v H 138. Eff 11-3-2000.

ORC §4765.49  Civil immunity of emergency medical personnel and agencies.

(A)    A first responder, emergency medical technician-basic, emergency medical technician-intermediate, or emergency medical technician-paramedic is not liable in damages in a civil action for injury, death, or loss to person or property resulting from the individual's administration of emergency medical services, unless the services are administered in a manner that constitutes willful or wanton misconduct.  A physician or registered nurse designated by a physician, who is advising or assisting in the emergency medical services by means of any communication device or telemetering system, is not liable in damages in a civil action for injury, death, or loss to person or property resulting from the individual's advisory communication or assistance, unless the advisory communication or assistance is provided in a manner that constitutes willful or wanton misconduct.  Medical directors and members of cooperating physician advisory boards of emergency medical service organizations are not liable in damages in a civil action for injury, death, or loss to person or property resulting from their acts or omissions in the performance of their duties, unless the act or omission constitutes willful or wanton misconduct.

(B)    A political subdivision, joint ambulance district, joint emergency medical services district, or other public agency, and any officer or employee of a public agency or of a private organization operating under contract or in joint agreement with one or more political subdivisions, that provides emergency medical services, or that enters into a joint agreement or a contract with the state, any political subdivision, joint ambulance district, or joint emergency medical services district for the provision of emergency medical services, is not liable in damages in a civil action for injury, death, or loss to person or property arising out of any actions taken by a first responder, EMT-basic, EMT-I, or paramedic working under the officer's or employee's jurisdiction, or for injury, death, or loss to person or property arising out of any actions of licensed medical personnel advising or assisting the first responder, EMT-basic, EMT-I, or paramedic, unless the services are provided in a manner that constitutes willful or wanton misconduct.

(C)    A student who is enrolled in an emergency medical services training program accredited under section 4765.17 of the Revised Code or an emergency medical services continuing education program approved under that section is not liable in damages in a civil action for injury, death, or loss to person or property resulting from either of the following:

(1)     The student's administration of emergency medical services or patient care or treatment, if the services, care, or treatment is administered while the student is under the direct supervision and in the immediate presence of an EMT-basic, EMT-I, paramedic, registered nurse, or physician and while the student is receiving clinical training that is required by the program, unless the services, care, or treatment is provided in a manner that constitutes willful or wanton misconduct;

(2)     The student's training as an ambulance driver, unless the driving is done in a manner that constitutes willful or wanton misconduct.

(D)    An EMT-basic, EMT-I, paramedic, or other operator, who holds a valid commercial driver's license issued pursuant to Chapter 4506 of the Revised Code or driver's license issued pursuant to Chapter 4507 of the Revised Code and who is employed by an emergency medical service organization that is not owned or operated by a political subdivision as defined in section 2744.01 of the Revised Code, is not liable in damages in a civil action for injury, death, or loss to person or property that is caused by the operation of an ambulance by the EMT-basic, EMT-I, paramedic, or other operator while responding to or completing a call for emergency medical services, unless the operation constitutes willful or wanton misconduct or does not comply with the precautions of section 4511.03 of the Revised Code. An emergency medical service organization is not liable in damages in a civil action for any injury, death, or loss to person or property that is caused by the operation of an ambulance by its employee or agent, if this division grants the employee or agent immunity from civil liability for the injury, death, or loss.

(E)    An employee or agent of an emergency medical service organization who receives requests for emergency medical services that are directed to the organization, dispatches first responders, EMTs-basic, EMTs-I, or paramedics in response to those requests, communicates those requests to those employees or agents of the organization who are authorized to dispatch first responders, EMTs-basic, EMTs-I, or paramedics, or performs any combination of these functions for the organization, is not liable in damages in a civil action for injury, death, or loss to person or property resulting from the individual's acts or omissions in the performance of those duties for the organization, unless an act or omission constitutes willful or wanton misconduct.

(F)     A person who is performing the functions of a first responder, EMT-basic, EMT-I, or paramedic under the authority of the laws of a state that borders this state and who provides emergency medical services to or transportation of a patient in this state is not liable in damages in a civil action for injury, death, or loss to person or property resulting from the person's administration of emergency medical services, unless the services are administered in a manner that constitutes willful or wanton misconduct.  A physician or registered nurse designated by a physician, who is licensed to practice in the adjoining state and who is advising or assisting in the emergency medical services by means of any communication device or telemetering system is not liable in damages in a civil action for injury, death, or loss to person or property resulting from the person's advisory communication or assistance, unless the advisory communication or assistance is provided in a manner that constitutes willful or wanton misconduct.

(G)    A person certified under section 4765.23 of the Revised Code to teach in an emergency medical services training program or emergency medical services continuing education program, and a person who teaches at the Ohio fire academy established under section 3737.33 of the Revised Code or in a fire service training program described in division (B) of section 4765.55 of the Revised Code, is not liable in damages in a civil action for injury, death, or loss to person or property resulting from the person's acts or omissions in the performance of the person's duties, unless an act or omission constitutes willful or wanton misconduct.

(H)    In the accreditation of emergency medical services training programs or approval of emergency medical services continuing education programs, the state board of emergency medical services and any person or entity authorized by the board to evaluate applications for accreditation or approval are not liable in damages in a civil action for injury, death, or loss to person or property resulting from their acts or omissions in the performance of their duties, unless an act or omission constitutes willful or wanton misconduct.

(I)      A person authorized by an emergency medical service organization to review the performance of first responders, EMTs-basic, EMTs-I, and paramedics or to administer quality assurance programs is not liable in damages in a civil action for injury, death, or loss to person or property resulting from the person's acts or omissions in the performance of the person's duties, unless an act or omission constitutes willful or wanton misconduct.

History: RC § 4731.90, 136 v H 832 (Eff 8-31-76); 137 v S 347 (Eff 7-13-78); 137 v H 1092 (Eff 7-21-78); 138 v H 1 (Eff 5-16-79); 138 v H 201 (Eff 2-28-80); 140 v H 446 (Eff 6-20-84); 141 v H 176 (Eff 11-20-85); RC § 3303.21, 141 v H 222 (Eff 5-15-86); 141 v H 428 (Eff 12-23-86); 143 v H 381 (Eff 7-1-89); RC § 4765.49, 144 v S 98 (Eff 11-12-92); 145 v H 384 (Eff 11-11-94); 146 v S 150 (Eff 11-24-95); 146 v H 405 (Eff 10-1-96); 149 v S 115. Eff 3-19-2003.

Oklahoma

Okla. Stat. Tit. 76 §5 (1979) Gen. Stat.

Okla. Stat. Tit. 76 §5A (2000)(AED User Immunity)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Encourages/requires CPR and AED training

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. §30.801 (1999)(AED User Immunity)

Or. Rev. Stat. §30.800 (1999)(Emer. Assist. Immunity)

Or. Rev. Stat. §682.135 (1999)(Req. for License)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers, trainers and MDs.

Encourages/requires course approved by Health Division of Dept. of Dept of Human Resources

Pennsylvania

PA. Cons. Stat. Ann. Tit. 42 §8331 (1978)(Gen. Stat.)(Amended 2000 for AED user immunity)

Provides immunity for Rescuers

Does not provide immunity for acquirers and enablers

Rhode Island

RI Gen. Laws §9-1-34 (2000)(AED User Immunity)

RI Gen. Laws §23.6.2.2 (2000)(Approving Placement of AED's)

RI Gen. Laws §23-6.2-1 (2000)(Decl. Of RI Policy on AED's)

RI Gen. Laws §9-1-27.1 (1953)(Gen. Stat.)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers and enablers (trainers and medical directors only)

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training to AHA or ARC standards

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. §44-76-10 (Law Co-op 2000)(AED Act)

S.C. Code Ann. §44-76-20 (Law Co-op 2000)(AED Def.)

S.C. Code Ann. §44-76-30 (Law Co-op 2000)(Training)

S.C. Code Ann. §44-76-40 (Law Co-op 2000)(User Immunity)

S.C. Code Ann. §44-76-50 (Law Co-op 2000)(Applicability of Act)

S.C. Code Ann. §15-1-310 (1962)(Gen. Stat)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers of AEDS and prescribing

Physicians; no immunity for trainers

Encourages/recommends AHA or ARC standards of training

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws §20-9-3 (1968)

S.D. Codified Laws §20-9-4.3 (Michie 2000)(AED Def.)

S.D. Codified Laws §20-9-4.4 (Michie 2000)(AED User Immunity)

S.D. Codified Laws §20-9-4.6 (Michie 2000)(AED Trainer Immunity)

S.D. Codified Laws §20-9-4.7 (Michie 2000)(Owner Notification Requirements)

S.D. Codified Laws §20-9-4.1 (Michie 2000)(Gen. Stat.)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers and enablers

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §63-6-218 (1963)

Tenn. Code Ann. §68-140-701 through §68-140-710 (1999)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers and enablers

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training

Texas

Tex. Health & Safety Code Ann. §779.006 (West 2000)(AED immunity)

Tex. Health & Safety Code Ann. §779.001 (West 2000)(AED definition)

Tex. Health & Safety Code Ann. §779.002(West 2000)(AED training)

Tex. Health & Safety Code Ann. §779-003 (West 2000)(AED maintenance)

Tex. Health & Safety Code Ann. §779.004 (West 2000)(AED use)

Tex. Health & Safety Code Ann. §779.005 (West 2000)(Not. Reqs.)

Tex. Health & Safety Code Ann. §779-006 (West 2000)(Owner Reqs.)

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code Ann. §74-74.001 (West 1977)(Liability Immunity)

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Tem. Code Ann. § 74.002 (West 2000)(Lic. Req.)

Provides immunity only for trained users

Provides immunity for acquirers and enablers

Encourages/requires CPR and AED training approved by the Department of Health

Utah

Utah Code Ann. §78-11-22 (1953)

Utah Code Ann. §58-31b-701 (1999)(AED User Immunity)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for healthcare providers providing instruction on use of AEDs

Encourages/Requires CPR & AED training under AHA guidelines

Vermont

VT. Stat. Ann. Tit. 78 §11-22(1977)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Virginia

Va. Code Ann. §8.01-225 (1967)(Gen. Stat.)

Va. Code Ann. §8.01-225.A.6 (Michie 1999)(AED User Indemnity)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Providers immunity for AED acquirers and enablers

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code §70.136.070 (1987)(Gen. Stat.)

Wash. Rev. Code §70-54.310 (1999)(Immunity for AED User)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers of AEDs and enablers

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training per AHA guidelines

West Virginia

W. Va. Code §55-7-15 (1966)(Gen. Stat.)

W. Va. Code §55-7-15 (1999)(Gen. Stat.)

W. Va. Code §16-4D-4 (1999)(AED User limitation on Liability)

W. Va. Code §16-4D-1 (1999)(Legis. Findings)

W. Va. Code §16-4D-2 (1999)(AED Def.)

W. Va. Code §16-4D3 (1999)(Early AED programs)

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquirers and enablers

Encourages/requires training at CPR & AED training at AHA Standards

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. §895.48 (1977)(Limitations on liability)

Wis. Stat. §146.50 (2000)(AED Def.)

Provides immunity for trained rescuers

Provides immunity for providers, owner and trainers for AED device

Encourages/requires training approved by Dept. of Health And Family Services

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §1-1-120 (1977)  General Statutes

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §1-1-125  Immunity for volunteers on non-profit organizations, but not for the organizations themselves

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §33-36-108 (Michie 2000)  General Exemptions

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §35-26-101 (Michie 2000)  AED Definition

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §35-26-102 (Michie 2000)  AED use

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §35-26-103 (Michie 2000)  AED Limited Liability

Provides immunity for rescuers

Provides immunity for acquires and enablers of AED

Encourages/requires CPR & AED training